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HomePublicationJournalsChina Cultural Heritage
China Cultural Heritage 2012-02
From:Chinese Archaeology  Writer:  Date:2012-08-02

CONCERN


Contribution of Wu Liangyong's Theory on Cultural Heritage Protection.......................................Shan Jixiang 10
    Professor Wu Liangyong, a famous scholar and a staunch defender on culture relics, has not only made remarkable contribution to architectures, city planning and education, but also developed a great deal of important work and laid foundation for the preservation of culture relics. With a preference for the richness of Chinese traditional culture, he attaches great importance to cultural factors in planning and design, and has made considerable achievements in the protection of cities with history and culture, sparing no effort to publicize the protection on the historical relics and ecological environment.
    The theory of Organic Renewal is proposed by Professor Wu Liangyong after his long-term research on the construction of old Peking city and other historical cities, and lessons of international city development. With the method of comprehensive research, his establishment of General Theory of Architecture has extended the concept and horizon of traditional architecture and has promoted the progress of construction subject. In the system of Human Settlements Science, he has creatively put forward a development model with the core of city planning, architectures and gardening, integrated with subjects concerning engineering, society, geography and ecology etc.


A New Starting Point-- Wu Liangyong's Science of Human Settlements and the Preservation of Cultural Heritage.............................Guo Guixiang 21


IN   FOCUS


Central Plain, Central State, Central Nation, Where China Originated
    The Central Plains, generally referring to the confluence area of the midstream and downstream of the Yellow River in geography, was the cradle land of Chinese Ethnic, historically well known as the key to get the world. The "Central" in the word, not only suggests that it is geographically positioned it the middle to the early Chinese tribes, but also reflects its diversity, multi-dimensionand appropriateness in the interaction among geography, climate, biology, environment, and culture.
    The area of the Central Plain had previously played a vital role in the culture exchange in China and even in East Asia. The intensification of Miaodigou Culture (the Hua Culture) and Erlitou Culture (the Xia Culture), two keys in the Chinese Primary Development, were both rooted in the Central Plain. The origin and expanding of Miaodigou type was a significant integrating and distribution of Chinese Culture, thus is seen as the earliest intensification of Hua; Erlitou Culture is widely regarded in academy as the culture of China first Empire—Xia Dynasty. Thus, the intensification of Erlitou Culture can be recognized as the intensification of Xia. The Xia's process on the basis of Hua nurtured the core "Hua Xia " of early Chinese culture, and primarily settled the frame. Therefore, it is sufficiently proved the core position of the Central Plain culture and its significance in Chinese culture.


The Environment and the Culture of the Ancient Central Plain of China..............................................................Cao Bingu 27


In the Middle of the Central Plain of China.........................................................Li Xinei 34


In the Middle of China..............................................................................Xu Hong 40


The Center of Heaven and Earth: the Core Position of the Culture in Songshan Mountain.......................................................Ren Wei 46


The General Doctrine is the Way: Chinese Traditional Culture..........................................................................Zhou Kunshu 52


HERITAGE VISION


The Controversial Cultural Landscape Affecting Human's Experience on Heritage Recognition....................................................Zou Yiqing 56


DISCOVERY


A Prehistoric Moment of the Haminmangha Tribe in Horqin Prairie................................................Ji Ping and E Runa 63


MUSEUM


From Hanzhou to Lucca: Time-travelling in the Silk Road...........................................................Cai Qin 68


INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE


The Long Lost Pearl in the Wildness-- the Spring Festival Xylograph Pictures in Hua County.....................................Wu Xiqun and Li Jun 74


MONUMENTS AND SITES


Tuanshan Mountain: Coming from the 19th Century..................................................Duan Zhaoshun 78
    Tuanshan Village, located in Xizhuang Town, Jianshui County, Yunnan Province, is a pastoral place embraced by mountains and rivers. In this peaceful village of southern Yunnan, the Zhang family, who became wealthy by tin mines, spent huge sums of money on various exquisite, luxurious and magnificent courtyards. Over a century, Tuanshan is listed as the world's monumental architecture heritage for its complete preservation of the original ecological village with the features of the 19th Century. It is also named as Yunnan's Most Delicate Ancient Residential Complex by specialists on architecture and cultural heritage protection home and abroad. In Tuanshan Village, we can see three types of traditional residence, namely Han's quadrangles with cyan bricks, Yi's earth houses and title-eaves earth houses with Han and Yi's architectural features, showing a unique construction culture of multi-ethnic residential area. Being the most attractive among all, the Han's residence built and kept by the Zhang family maintain various features, with elements such as eight courtyards, four village gate, the Dacheng Temple, Shang Temple, Xia Temple and the Zhang's ancestral temple, the decorating Tuanshan village in different directions.


The Historical Town of Qingxi in Sichuan.............................................................................Luo Chang'an 86


MEMOIR


The Photo Album of Peking University: The School Life of Archaeologists.................................................................91


OVERSEAS   IMPRESSION


The New and the Old of Kyoto in My Eyes.................................................................Ruan Yisan 101
    In Kyoto, the highly-protected ancient capital of Japan, historical buildings and beautiful scenery can be seen everywhere. Like most cities with long history, , the historical part of Kyoto has been, to some degree, damaged in the rapid economic development, with the clashes between the traditional and the new ideas. However, the establishment and amendment of the Ancient Capital Cities Preservation Law and the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties has raised the public's awareness of protecting the historical and cultural heritage. Four featured districts have been highly protected in Kyoto, and have become famous resorts for sightseeing and touring. Nowadays, tradition is greatly valued and inherited, enabling Kyoto, the city with profound history, to maintain its historic elements. Meanwhile, the pursuit to new things has made this city more vibrant instead of exerting strong conflicts on the tradition as time goes by.

 
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