Mengjia’e Site was located 100 meter south to Village Mengjia’e, Zhangqiu, Shandong province. To learn the site’s distribution, cultural connotation, functional layout and preservation situation, etc, Archaeological Institute of Jinan city conducted systematic archaeological investigation and salvage excavation to the site immediately.
The investigation area reached 500,000 square meters, and the prospection area reached 100,000 square meters, while the key exploration area was 30,000 square meters. The accurate site range was about 760 meters from east to west, 600 meters from south to north, the total area was about 450,000 square meters. The site’s distribution presented as rectangle shape in a platform accumulation surrounded by alluvial gully. The site was consisted of two parts, the east and the west.
Ash pit H24
Shang, Zhou, Tang, Song Dynasties’ pottery fragments and porcelain shards, together with kiln furniture were collected. The Shang and Zhou Dynasties’ pottery pieces were mainly grey sandy pottery decorated with cord pattern, the shape of which was Li vessel (a pot with three legs), and jar, etc, as well as some pottery bat and ball. The main kiln furniture such as supports and stands were collected, the porcelain glazing color included celadon, dark reddish brown and black, etc, together with some white and blue-white porcelain, the shape of which were mainly bowl, pot, jar, plate and vase, etc.
3 excavation units and 1 exploratory trench were excavated, and the excavation area reached 300 square meters. 7 Eastern Zhou Dynasty’s tombs, 3 tombs without accurate date, 39 Shang Dynasty’s ash pits and 1 house remain were cleared up during the excavation. The cultural relics included Ding tripod, Dou high-stemmed vessel, Li cauldron, jar, pot, Yi water vessel, bronze sword, and bone hair pin of Spring and Autumn Period, as well as Li cauldron, Dou high-stemmed vessel, jar, Gui food container of Shang Dynasty. All the site units unearthed plenty of pottery sample, stone tools and bone wares of Shang Dynasty.
Burial objects were uncovered from the second-tier platform of tomb M6
The ash pit of Shang Dynasty’s, for example H24, presented as oval in plane, sack shape with flat bottom and smooth surface, as well as artificial trace. The longer diameter of the mouth was 246 centimeters, short diameter was 206 centimeters, the depth was 260 centimeters. There were six layer accumulations, which could be divided into upper and lower parts. The upper half included corrupted plant and plant ash with loose soil, while the lower half included less corrupted plant, plant ash with hard soil, suggesting it functioned as storage cellar, when abandoned, it refilled with waste, plenty of pottery fragments unearthed. The shapes were mainly Li cauldron, Gui food container and Dou high-stemmed vessel, Ding tripod, as well as few pieces of stone tools.
Take tomb M6 for example, it was an earthen shaft pit tomb, presented as rectangle. 250 centimeters in length, 216 to 230 centimeters in width, and the remaining depth was 70 centimeters, with vertical walls, flat bottom, and second-tier platform around the wall. The coffin was corrupted, which was 206 centimeters in length, 106 to 114 centimeters in width. It was an extended supine position burial, headed east with well-preserved bones. The burial objects was placed on the south second-tier platform, including 1 pottery jar, 1 pottery Yu vessel, 1 pottery Li cauldron, and 2 Dou high-stemmed vessel, which were all repairable. There were animal bones and stones nearby.
Through archeological investigation and excavation, we know the site distributed 450,000 square meters, and the cultural connotation included Shang, Eastern Zhou, Tang, North Song, and Jin Dynasties. The distribution of the site was relatively wide with lasted cultural continuation. The phased archeological discovery revealed that the northwest part of the site was Shang and Zhou Dynasties’ cultural distribution with rich Shang Dynasty cultural connotation. The excavation area of this time probably was used for storage of Shang Dynasty settlements, which developed into cemetery in Eastern Zhou Dynasty. (Translator: Lang Langtian)